Tracking your privacy

3.88 billion people are online as of June 2017. Out of 7.51 billion people living on our planet, 51.7% is using Internet. Everything is connected. Everything will be connected. Internet is awesome, we all learn, create and share information over the Internet. The time we all spend online, especially young generation is constantly increasing. This is the true power of Internet.

But as Internet opened to all of us, we also opened us to it. To be able to utilize this “free” Internet of ours, we have a price to pay, and that price is our privacy. Our privacy is now our currency to the “free” digital trove of information on the Internet that we pay, without us even realizing it.

We leave all our private information on the Internet: birthdays, places of residence, phone numbers, email addresses, social security numbers, credit cards, GPS coordinates of our movement, our preferences and interests, not to mention our relationships, financial histories, political and religious views. The list of items goes on and all that, we give sometimes without even knowing. More often than not, this information is also copied and shared further without our knowledge. In our offline world, when someone takes something from you without your consent or without your knowledge, we call it stealing and there are laws protecting us from such endeavors.

Let me be perfectly clear, sharing data is good thing but only when we do consent with it. When we are ones in control who gets our data.

In recent years there is trend of behavioral tracking/targeting that created huge business opportunities for many companies.

How huge? Take a look at this marketing landscape with 4,891 unique companies worldwide (40MB hi-res can be downloaded here)


A bit of history #

It all started in early 1990s with web hit counters. Remember these?


Later replaced by other web traffic measures, at first by self-hosted scripts such as Analog, later on more typically remote systems that used JavaScript, like Google Analytics. Running on remote servers, users didn’t have to have knowledge or resources to host counters, they used “free” Google or other company analytic software. From something so benign like web counter to something so complex and intrusive like current state of web trackers and analytics, we greedy humans came a long way. To be clear, this is not only about big fish like Google or Facebook, this is also about small & medium companies that you have never heard of.

We can only suspect that many web sites deploy these analytics software providers to see how people use their website or to identify broken or confusing web pages, and maybe without even realizing what these scripts are actually doing to the visitors of these web sites. The analytics companies place “scripts” on their clients’ websites that are not inspected and usually not controlled in any way by web site publisher.

Is it me? #

My curiosity to discover new things again brought me to make another investigation. Last time I presented my findings on “How secure is .rs”. This time it was the current state of trackers on Serbian popular web sites. Serbia in 2017 has estimated 7.11 million people (not counting Kosovo) in total, and 4.76 million use Internet - or 67%. Not to my surprise, again I am getting that paranoid feeling, discovering state of web tracking on Top20 Serbian web sites.

Table 1: Web site - represent the URL of web site, Hosted in - Country of residence where site is hosted, 3rd Party - number of 3rd party sites connected to this web site via scripts included in origin web site - on 2017/11/07 this number is dynamic. Click on number to see visuals, HTTPS - does site automatically enable HTTPS for user (Y/N), PP - Privacy policy or Usage policy for named web site, PII sharing declared - Does web site from Top20 list declare sharing of PII data with third party or not (Y/N)

Web site Hosted in 3rd Party HTTPS PP PII sharing declared PL 98 N Policy N RS 69 N Policy N FR 42 N Policy Y RS 19 Y Policy Y* RS 79 N Policy N RS 32 Y Policy N RS 56 N Policy N RS 46 N Policy Y DE 18 Y Policy N DE 30 N Policy N RS 24 Y Policy N RS 38 N Policy N RS 16 Y Policy Y RS 47 N Policy N RS 23 Y Policy N RS 17 N Policy Y RS 13 N Policy N RS 39 Y Unknown Unknown RS 41 Y Unknown Unknown PL 39 Y Unknown Unknown

After checking each and individual Usage and/or Privacy policies of above mentioned Top20 sites, conclusion is staggering. 15 (80%) of Top20 web sites have no declaration of sharing PII data, while only 5 have in some form. Worth noting is that even sites that have some form of policy adjusted to 3rd party sharing, are not clearly informing visitors about this practice.

Its that awful feeling that someone is watching everything you do online, without you giving consent and noticing anything. At the beginning of my assessment I thought some (not all) web sites employ only few ad/tracker servers and boy, I was wrong. Let’s take a quick look into visualization of just few popular web sites index pages, that are visited daily by millions of users:
Screen Shot 2017-11-07 at 12.37.21.png

Quote from Privacy & Usage policy of Blic Online: Blic online respects privacy of its users and visitors. Data collected by the registration process of as well as all other user data Blic Online will not be given to third party. User data will not be available to the third party unless required by law or in case of major Blic online rules violation. (local copy)
Screen Shot 2017-11-07 at 13.01.08.png

Quote from Privacy & Usage policy of Telegraf: We collect following information from user: Your domain, IP address, Browser and Operating System type, Your visit access & duration time, All pages that you access, Address of any linked web site, Any information that you provide us voluntarily.

Also we do not create any individual profiles based on information that you provide us nor we send that information to any other private organizations. Your data will be provided to government bodies only if we are obliged by law to do so.
(local copy)
Screen Shot 2017-11-08 at 16.43.44.png

Quote from Data processing page: Your data will be used solely for the purpose of granting access and usage of B92 services. By accepting this rules, you agree that your data will be used for aforementioned purpose. They mention that data is used only for few pages but not index page, and not a single line on all other connections they are allowing to be made on index page. (local copy)

Note: Above graphs are from 2017/11/07, and are generated by

On above graphs you can see where your data goes when you access either, or web sites. The situation is not better with any of other Top20 web sites. Each of circles represents company that does some or multiple services of the following: Ad serving, Analytics, Tracker, Widget, Privacy checks or Unknown. The arrows will show you approximation of data flow direction, and as you can see data is also shared between these companies, making sure that they “align” data to better profile you as an individual user and in same time better target you with ads. This data will be then saved indefinitely, shared between companies, and analyzed many times. Just to be clear, all this data is automatically gathered, stored and processed, there is zero human intervention in this process. With rise of machine learning and AI this data will provide even more patterns and values to companies that have them. [1][2]

Wait, what? #

*This means both PII data and Anonymous data.

How can they do this? #

Legally speaking, they can’t. Under the provisions of Serbian data protection legislation, Serbian companies are obliged to:

Main problem here is that information required by law is hidden from visitors, or visitors are blatantly miss-informed by obscure Privacy/Usage Policy texts. We have to keep in mind that aforementioned Serbian companies (Top20) are free to provide their own rules and PII data policies within given legal framework. Top20 Serbian websites choose not to comply with the simplest legal requirements.

Privacy/Usage Policy texts that we analyzed either did not mention that they are sharing user information with third parties, or they expressly stated that they are NOT sharing any PII with other organizations. Also, under Serbian Data Protection Law, personal information on Serbian citizens can not be transferred to certain countries/jurisdictions, especially not without Commissioner’s permission.

Where does our data go? #

Author compiled list of 137 companies that you will be sharing your data with, by visiting Top20 web sites in Serbia. They will also exchange data between them, when you visit other sites (bellow listing only Tracker/AdPlatform sites, in total 110. CDN, Hosting and Unknown companies excluded from the bellow list):

Table 2: Domain - Domain used for exchange of data, PII - Personal Identifiable Information collection (Y/N), HQ - Headquarters in ISO3166-1 Alpha 2 code, PP - Direct link to Privacy Policy of company

Company Name Domain PII HQ’s PP
Eyeota Pte Ltd N AU Policy
Casale Media Inc. N CA Policy
Media.Net Advertising Ltd N CN Policy
NEORY GmbH N DE Policy
advanced store GmbH N DE Policy
ADC Media GmbH N DE Policy
ADITION technologies N DE Policy
Integral Ad Science Y DE Policy
Adnanny GmbH N DE Policy
Bidmanagement GmbH Y DE Policy
AdSpirit GmbH Y DE Policy
media.ventive GmbH Y DE Policy
Dynamic 1001 GmbH Y DE Policy
Exactag GmbH Y DE Policy
firststars GmbH Y DE Policy
firststars GmbH Y DE Policy
Baumarkt Y DE Policy
H-Hotels ads Y DE Policy
PE Digital GmbH Y DE Policy
The Reach Group GmbH Y DE Policy
Semasio GmbH Y DE Policy
TerraCanis GmbH Y DE Policy
Adex GmbH Y DE Policy
Tink GmbH Y DE Policy
Sedo Holding AG Y DE Policy
Ascio Technologies Inc. Y DK Policy
Flowplayer merged with Lemonwhale Y FI Policy
Weborama N FR Policy
DotMetrics HR Y HR Policy
Adverticum Zrt. Y HU Policy
Httpool Holdings Ltd Y HU Policy
Imonomy Y IL Policy
ADForm Y LT Policy
Hotjar Limited Y MT Policy
Gemius SA Y PL Policy
Gemius SA Y PL Policy
Onet S.A. Y PL Policy
Gemius SA Y PL Policy GmbH N PL Policy
IO Technologies Y RU Policy
Yandex Ru Y RU Policy
I.R.V. d.o.o. Y SI Policy
NLB d.d Y SI Policy
Genius Sports Group Limited Y UK Policy
Adobe Inc Y US Policy
AddThis (acquired by Oracle) Y US Policy
AddThis (acquired by Oracle) Y US Policy
AppNexus Y US Policy
The Trade Desk Y US Policy
Drawbridge, Inc Y US Policy
AOL Y US Policy
AOL Y US Policy
Atlas (acquired by Facebook) Y US Policy
AWIN Inc Y US Policy
Evidon Y US Policy
Oracle Y US Policy
BrightRoll (acquired by Yahoo) Y US Policy
Chartbeat, Inc. Y US Policy
AllVoices Inc. & PulsePoint Holdings, LLC Y US Policy
Lotame Solutions, Inc Y US Policy
Conversant LLC Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Facebook Y US Policy
Facebook Y US Policy
Facebook Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
Google Y US Policy
RadiumOne N US Policy
Linkedin Y US Policy
MediaMath Y US Policy
Mixcloud Y US Policy
Bombora, Inc. Y US Policy
Moat, Inc. (acquired by Oracle) Y US Policy
Visual IQ, Inc Y US Policy
Datalogix (acquired by Oracle) Y US Policy
OpenX Software Ltd. Y US Policy
PubMatic, Inc. Y US Policy
Rocket Fuel Y US Policy
Rocket Fuel Y US Policy
TowerData Inc. Y US Policy
The Rubicon Project Ltd. Y US Policy
Run Inc Y US Policy
Full Circle Studies, Inc. / comscore Y US Policy
Sizmek Inc. Y US Policy
ShareThis Y US Policy
Smart AdServer SAS Y US Policy
SpotX Y US Policy
FreeWheel Media, Inc. Y US Policy
Teads Inc Y US Policy
Telaria, Inc Y US Policy
TrustArc Y US Policy
TrustArc Y US Policy
Amobee, Inc. and Turn Inc Y US Policy
Twitter Y US Policy
Twitter Y US Policy
comScore, Inc. Y US Policy
dataxu®, Inc N US Policy
Yahoo Y US Policy
Youtube Y US Policy
AWIN Inc. Y US Policy
ConnectAd Demand GmbH Y AT Policy

From above table data, we can conclude that 89% of above trackers will gather and store (PII) private data, while only 11% will not, at least per Privacy Policy they published. Almost all of these exchanges this data between you and them via HTTP protocol (no encryption), so any party in between can analyze this traffic.

Distribution of your data based on Top20 sites and if access is made from Serbia:

Just on a side note, while checking our Top20 sites in Serbia, 9 of them is using HTTPS to encrypt your access. This is welcoming change from just few years back, when this was not the case. Author of this blog hopes that in near future all Top20 sites will enable HTTPS for visitors. For the rest of the sites that use plain HTTP protocol, it means that anyone in between you and site you are visiting can see what you read or what data you submit to forms like comments or registration etc. When we say anyone, we mean your ISP, a motivated person, and government.

Breakdown of what type of companies will have access your data:

Note: The last Unknown percentage is for hosts that we could not determine any information behind them (Company name, Main web site, Contact details, Location, Purpose, Age, Responsible persons, History of web site, etc …). We managed to analyze some of the scripts from those Unknown servers and its mostly Potentially Unwanted Program and/or adware/malware/spyware delivery platforms. These check your browser plugin/add-on versions and try to sneak updates in outdated version for example. We also might consider a possibility that some of these unknown companies are state sponsored actors.

This is served on all Top20 Serbian web sites, delivered to millions of users every day. It is obvious that Top20 sites do not check AD sources in any capacity.

Now, if you think this is the only way AD companies can track you, think again. The AD companies have problem to link your devices, as some people use mobile phone to browse information and communicate, but use notebook or other desktop to for example make purchase or visit other sites. AD companies need these devices to be linked. The technique for cross-device tracking is then used. This technique involves inaudible, high-frequency (ultrasonic pitches) beacons that are emitted when commercial with embedded ultrasonic sounds is played on TV or radio. Your phone or tablet apps can recognize these sounds (you will not, as you can’t hear them) and software link your devices to single user ID in AD company database. This also allows the behavior of users to be tracked, including which ads were seen by the user and how long they watched an ad before changing the channel. Ars Technica published nice article under “Beware of ads that use inaudible sound to link your phone, TV, tablet, and PC” title. This process is not yet widely adopted but its chilling thought how far some companies will go to gather as much as they can about you and your privacy.

Note: Above infographic from SilverPush website.

On above list of companies operating on our Top20 list are, for example RocketFuel and Atlas that provide such services. One of companies that use Artificial intelligence algorithms as well as machine learning is AdBrain. This company is for example used thru theTradeDesk at Telenor Mobile provider web site in Serbia.

Screen Shot 2017-11-10 at 23.56.44.png

Adbrain ingests billions of raw data points from third parties such as analytics providers, media companies, dev tools and SDK providers. The data sets are then ingested into a series of advanced machine learning algorithms which classify IDs as devices, people and places. The output of the series of algorithms is a holistic map of customers and their relationship with the Devices they use, the Places they frequent, and the People they interact with.


Another way to cross-link your devices is to have your phone number. This was the real reason for Facebook to acquire WhatsApp to gather phone numbers that WhatsApp collected, and then to link your mobile device with your user on desktop and/or any other device.

Sessions replay and mouse movement is another way to fully analyze visitor onsite behavior. This is somewhat new technology superseding old click heat maps used few years back. By using special scripts from AD companies, it’s possible to record full “session” of user interacting with web page, including mouse movements and keystrokes while preserving session for later replay. This is how it works:

Research on above topic was recently done and published by Princeton University, and more information as well as full list of companies using this technologies, can be found here. Wired also run the story named “The Dark Side of ‘Replay Sessions’ That Record Your Every Move Online” detailing information published in this research.

You might think all this is a joke but, I will remind you that US NSA and UK GCHQ agencies are piggybacking on these commercial technologies to identify people browsing the Internet. More details on this was published in The Washington Post in 2013 under “NSA uses Google cookies to pinpoint targets for hacking” title. These revelations came to light after Edward Snowden provided insights to general public.

Now with those who say “I am not a target of those agencies …”, you don’t have to be. It just takes ~$1000 to track any person location and movement by using targeted mobile ads. Wired published awesome article on that subject. Also Paul G. Allen School of computer science and engineering, University of Washington published very detailed paper on this topic “Exploring ADINT: Using Ad Targeting for Surveillance on a Budget” (pdf).

With all this business behind personal data you are generating, its only matter of time before your ISP or Telecom/Mobile provider decide to make profit out of it. In US and parts of EU this is already a trend. Mobile phone usage is tracked and monetized by Verizon, Sprint, Telefonica (as well as other global carriers) partnering with firms including SAP, IBM, HP, and AirSage that manage and package different levels of the collected data. By mining the data produced by cellphone users, the carriers can tie together location, mobile browser usage and call information into one data stream. Nice article about this topic was published by InformationWeek titled “Mobile Carriers Cashing In On Mining Your Data

Currently we have no information if Serbian ISP and/or Telecom operators sell data or exchange data with any AD companies, but we do know that they collect data per information provided from National Registry (see Table 3).

Table 3: Company - Name of the company, HTTPS - does site automatically enable HTTPS for user (Y/N), 3rd party - Number of 3rd party sites connected to this web site via scripts included in origin web site - on 2017/11/07 this number is dynamic, National Commissioner Registry - National registry company information, PP - Privacy policy or Usage policy for named web site, PII sharing declared - Does web site from Top20 list declare sharing of PII data with third party or not (Y/N)

Company Name HTTPS 3rd party Registry PP PII sharing declared
Telekom Srbija Y 19 Registry Policy N (Court, DA, Authorities only)
SBB Y 18 Registry Policy N
Kopernikus N 6 Registry Policy N
Radijus Vektor Y 5 Registry No online info. N
Posta Srbije N 0 Registry Policy N
Orion Telekom N 12 Registry Policy Y
YUNET Internacional N 5 Registry Policy N
BeotelNet Y 15 Registry Policy N (Court, DA, Authorities only)
Targo Telekom N 12 Registry Policy N (Court, DA, Authorities only)
Telenor Y 37 Registry Policy N (Court, DA, Authorities only)
VIP Y 12 Registry Policy N (Court, DA, Authorities only)

Only ISP/Carrier company from above list, that published option to sell data to 3rd party, per Registry is Orion Telekom as its stated that user personal details, online identity as well as his activity could be given to third party.

Remember, we pay our monthly Internet bill either your Carrier or ISP to be able to access the Internet. We don’t pay it to give them a chance to collect and sell our private data to make more money.

Legislation & Regulation #

This tracking thing caught so much speed, that some serious legislation and oversight is urgently needed. This was recognized by EU lawmakers and this was incorporated into “Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council - Directive 95/46/EC that will be superseded by (General Data Protection Regulation or in short GDPR)”, and as such it will be enforced by EU to all European countries from 25 May 2018.

From GDPR: “Persons may be associated with online identifiers, such as internet protocol addresses, cookie identifiers or other identifiers. This may leave traces which, in particular when combined with unique identifiers and other information received by the servers, may be used to create profiles of the persons and identify them.”

What this essentially tells us it that cookies, where they are used to uniquely identify the device, or in combination with other data, the individual associated with or using the device, should be treated as personal data. Under the GDPR, any cookie or other identifier, uniquely attributed to a device and therefore capable of identifying an individual, or treating them as unique even without identifying them, is personal data. There are two important terms: Personally Identifiable Information (PII), and Sensitive Personal Information (SPI). Following data is classified as PII:

In Article 42 of the Serbian Constitution is written:

Protection of personal data shall be guaranteed.
Collecting, keeping, processing and using of personal data shall be regulated by the law.
Use of personal data for any the purpose other the one were collected for shall be prohibited and punishable in accordance with the law, unless this is necessary to conduct criminal proceedings or protect safety of the Republic of Serbia, in a manner stipulated by the law.
Everyone shall have the right to be informed about personal data collected about him, in accordance with the law, and the right to court protection in case of their abuse.

Serbian special “Personal Data Protection Law” defines personal information as any information pertaining to a natural person, regardless of the form in which it is expressed and on the information carrier (paper, tape, film, electronic media, etc.), on whose order, or on whose behalf the is the information stored, the date of the creation of the information, the location of where information is being stored, the method of finding information (directly, through listening, viewing, etc., or indirectly, by inspecting the document in which the information is contained, etc.), or regardless of the other information property (hereinafter: data). A physical person is defined as the person to whom the data relates, whose identity is determined or can be determined on the basis of a personal name, unique citizen identity, address code or other characteristic of his physical, psychological, spiritual, economic, cultural or social identity.

Also, Personal Data Protection Law, under article 14 states following:

Data shall be collected from data subjects and from public authorities authorized under the law to collect such data.
Data may also be collected from third parties if:

Serbian Personal Data Protection Law, under article 15 stipulates the following obligations also:

The entity who collects data from data subjects or from third parties shall, before data collection, inform the data subject or the third party of:

How your data is used? #

To illustrate how Ad companies are using your data, I will make quote from privacy policy (publicly available) from one of those companies:

We collect PII via this website when it is provided to us. The PII we collect may include name, address, phone number, email address, or any other information provided to us. We use the PII collected via this website for business purposes, such as marketing, recruiting and hiring, responding to general inquiries or customer support requests, and in the course of providing services to customers. We retain the PII collected via the website indefinitely, unless otherwise specified, or until we delete the PII pursuant to a request from the subject of the PII.

Basically AD company will accept any data they can get their hands on, process it any way they see fit, and store it indefinitely.

Princeton’s WebTAP privacy project recently found that Google’s trackers are installed on 75% of the top million internet websites. (The next closest is Facebook at 25%).


Google sells ads not only on their search engine, but also on over >2.2 million other websites and >1 million apps. Every time you visit one of these sites or apps, Google is storing that information and using it to target ads at you. That’s why you may have seen ads tracking you (same ads on multiple sites you visited) across the whole Internet.

How do you opt out? #

In short, you can’t at least there is no viable option atm. Yes, you have the option to sign out or opt out on some of web sites.. If you follow procedure to opt out, you need to go to AD company web site special URL and submit that you like to opt out yourself. What this will actually do, you will no longer be tracked by this particular company (and we need to trust them on that one) but you will still see content they provide to web sites you visit, only this time not as targeted as before. This relies on cookie that is installed in your browser, as soon as you re-install your computer, browser, or change device, you are again on the list. The only current option you have is to use
add-ons for your browsers and completely block AD content, for more information check bellow.

How your online day looks like? #

With all devices that are connected to Internet, and as we use them all during our daily life. When I got up, I opened few regular news sites that I read. The circles represent web sites, while triangles represent 3rd party web sites that shared my data with.

Screen Shot 2017-11-08 at 17.53.54.png

By end of the day, I was tracked by more than 400 unique companies only on a single device:
Screen Shot 2017-11-08 at 17.49.15.png

What online profile looks like for your kids? What would happen if you knew that hundreds of companies tracking and targeting your kids? Imagine scenario that you kids are going on the street and there are hundreds of people following them, marking down everything they are doing while they are outside. Would you call for the police?

How to protect your data #

Educating yourself and your friends is the first step. Next step is to support legal ways to control how this data is used. Check out EFF web site, especially EFF Behavioral Tracking segment. In Serbia monitor and support work of Commissioner for Information of Public Importance and Personal Data Protection office. Also make sure you visit and read work published by Share Foundation as well as Share Foundation Labs project.

There is no ideal solution, but there are alternatives. I will briefly mention add-ons that you can use, namely:

Use alternatives to major search players:

To completely bypass your ISP, use VPN, and to get better annonymity use TOR.

For temporary email use Mailinator (fake online temporary email generator) and Bugmenot when you need to quickly access some restricted web site without leaving your email. You could also follow some of recommendations that I have wrote in one of previous blog posts “Gerzićev vodič za prosečnog Internet korisnika”.

Advertising IDs (AAID/IDFA) on Andrioid
From the available apps list locate the Google Settings → the Ads → Reset advertising ID. On the Reset advertising ID confirmation box, tap OK to provide your consent to reset your Google advertising ID. Once done, your new Google advertising ID would appear at the bottom of the interface.

Interest Based Ads on Android
Open the Google Settings app → Ads and enable Opt out of Interest Based Ads.

Advertising IDs on iPhone/iPad
Open Settings app → Privacy → Advertising → Reset Advertising Identifier.

Limit Ad Tracking iOS
Launch Settings app on your iPhone → Next up → Privacy → Advertising.
Toggle ON the switch next to Limit Ad Tracking. Now, your Apple ID will be removed from the list of receiving targeted ads.

Location Based Ad Tracking in iOS 10
Open Settings app → Privacy → Location Services → System Services.
Toggle off the switch next to Location-Based iAds.

Conclusion & TL;DR #

So why this would be important to you? For example, search engines (i.e. Google) will set search bubble tailored for you (means you will see only search results that search engine algorithms thinks you should see and not what is actually something you would like) and will also show you personalized targeted ads. Some retailers will increase pricing of their products or services based on your online activities. HR company can utilize your online profile to decide if you will be called to an interview for a job you applied for. In near future, your credit or insurance score might be based on your online activities.

All this is being done without your (legally required) consent. Information on how your PII is being handled is deliberately obscured or hidden from you. Never mind the Directive, Constitution and the Law.

Do you still believe that your online activity does not influence your off-line life? Do you still think that you do not have anything to hide online? Btw we are just getting started, how about whole country political or religious views? You might like to read paper “Psychological targeting as an effective approach to digital mass persuasion

Updates #

This research publication will receive additional details with ongoing research and we will publish relevant information in upcoming weeks.


Thank you #

Author would like to acknowledge help received from Žarko Ptiček for correcting, translating and publishing this text on Serbian language and also Commissioner for Information of Public Importance and Personal Data Protection office for legal guidance and assistance. Thanks to Simon Hearne @simonhearne for making his tools public! For helping with coordination and organization of Top media representatives closed meeting held on 2017/12/14 we would like to express our gratitude to ShareDefence organization.

Disclaimer #

All original material from this blog post may be freely distributed at will under the Creative Commons Attribution License, unless otherwise noted. All material that is not original to this blog post may require permission from the copyright holder to redistribute.


Now read this

How secure is .rs?

In 2014, we did a report titled “National domain security analysis” (pdf) under RNIDS (Serbian National Internet Domain Registry) sponsorship. This study was then presented (same year) on debate panel “3u1” during “European Cyber... Continue →